Health-Related Quality of Life in Japanese Children with Intermittent Exotropia and their Parents
Akiko Hikoya; Miwa Komori; Hiroko Suzuki; Yoshihiro Hotta; Miho Sato
Hamamatsu University School of Medicine
Introduction: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the health-related quality of life with intermittent exotropia (IXT) on Japanese patients and their parents using the Japanese version of Intermittent Exotropia Questionnaire (J-IXTQ).
Methods: J-IXTQ was administered to consecutive 5-17 year old patients with IXT and parents of 2-17 year old patients with IXT. The results were analyzed among sub-groups of 2-4, 5-7 and 8-17 year old using Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test.
Results: A total of 138 patients were recruited for the study. The median child score was significantly higher than those of both the proxy score and the parental score (72.7 vs 63.6 vs 57.3; p < 0.05). The median score of older patients was lower than that of younger patients (63.6 vs 86.3; p < 0.05). There was no difference in the median score of parents among sub-groups of 2-4, 5-7 and 8-17 year old (56.7 vs 53.1 vs 54.1).
Discussion: The results showed similar tendency with those in USA.
Conclusion: J-IXTQ is useful in Japan . The score of parents was lower than that of patients.
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