Dyslexia: What We Know
Irma Muminovic, MD; D.M. Alcorn, MD
Palo Alto, California
Introduction: Dyslexia is the most common learning disability. It is a language processing disorder that can result in problems with reading fluency, spelling, writing and comprehension. This study was undertaken to better assess our members understanding of dyslexia.
Methods: An IRB approved survey was sent to 1668 AAPOS members via the 2017 e-mail directory.
Results: A total of 157 (9.4%) surveys were returned to date. Members were cognizant that dyslexia is not rare. About half of the members reported feeling competent to identify patients at risk for dyslexia and who can aid in establishing the diagnosis. The majority (66%) indicated they were familiar with dyslexia referrals within their community. Forty seven percent reported receiving dyslexia education while in practice, 16% while in fellowship, and 5% during residency. Three quarters indicated they had reviewed the AAPOS learning modules and 55% reported sharing these handouts. The majority was well versed with signs of possible dyslexia but 15% or less recognized potential associated social and emotional issues.|
Discussion: Diagnosis and management of dyslexia involves a multidisciplinary approach. Early identification and intervention is critical for the education and development of each child. Our survey demonstrates the majority recognize that dyslexia is neurological based and hereditary. It elucidated the opportunity for implementation of dyslexia specific education.
Conclusion: Our results demonstrate some areas of limited awareness amongst the AAPOS community regarding dyslexia. It highlights a need for increased educational experiences during training as well as ongoing updated information for practicing providers to be knowledgeable for those at risk children for dyslexia.
References: 1. Handler SM, Fierson WM, Section on Ophthalmology and Council for Children with Disabilities for the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, & American Association of Certified Orthoptists. Learning disabilities, dyslexia, and vision: Technical Report. Pediatrics 2011;127(3):e818-e856.
2. Shaywitz SE., Gruen J.R., Shaywitz B.A. Management of Dyslexia, Its Rational, and Underlying Neurobiology. Pediatric Clinics of North America. 2007;54(3): 609-629